José Salguero is a PhD Candidate in Sociology at the Philipps University of Marburg. Since July 2020 he holds a doctoral scholarship from the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) where he is also a Student Representative at the Latin America working group. José joined the graduate programme “Democratising Security in Turbulent Times” as an associate researcher.
Prior to starting his PhD he has worked as a researcher at several institutions such as the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED), the German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA), the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung – Zentralamerika, the Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Conflict and Violence (IKG) and the Guillermo Manuel Ungo Foundation (FUNDAUNGO).
His previous training includes a MSc degree in Development Economics at the University of Goettingen (PEACE-Erasmus Mundus Scholar), a MSc degree in Security and Development at the University of Bristol (Chevening Scholar), a BSc in Economics at the Universidad Centroamericana José Simeón Cañas (UCA), and a PGCert in Citizen Security and Violence Prevention also at the UCA.
Despite their seemingly unrelated histories, in the last couple of decades, both El Salvador and South Africa have been characterized by their growing economic inequality, rapid urbanization and epidemic levels of crime. The latter issue has been met with a combination of private and public responses. While several research articles recount the repressive nature of the State’s security policies, much less is known about the private actors that, in both countries, have established and expanded diverse insecurity alleviation industries.
In his doctoral research “The Political Economy of Urban Violence and (In)Security in the Global South”, José draws from the work by Zygmunt Bauman and Brad Evans on the biopolitics of disposability, and explores the processes by which fear and safety are commodified in modern urban settings.
Salguero, José (2018). Capítulo 5. Economía Pandilleril. In Hernández Anzora (Eds), ¿Hemos perdido el combate contra las maras? ¿Un análisis multidisciplinario del fenómeno de las pandillas en El Salvador? (226 - 278). San Salvador: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.
Salguero, José (2015). A Tale of Two Cities: Violent and Non-Violent Neighbourhoods within the Metropolitan Area of San Salvador. Violence Research and Development Project Papers. ICVR.