Of central importance is the question of how central institutional constellations in individual societies are changing in the area of tension between the influences of globalisation and European integration on the one hand and endogenously determined societal change processes on the other. Moreover, the relationship of this development with change in governance is addressed.
The research and theory construction on institutional change focuses generally speaking on individual institutions. Insofar as institutional constellations are researched, the interest is mostly directed at specific types of institutional constellations such as the market-framing institutions in the varieties of capitalism approach or the welfare-state institutions in international comparative social policy analysis. So far, there is little research and few theoretical approaches in terms of the general foundations of persistence and change in institutional constellations. The research programme of the CGG aims to contribute in this area to developing the theoretical and methodological approach as well as the knowledge regarding empirical processes from an international comparative perspective. The goal is to capture the relevance of current globalisation-induced change processes in the central institutional constellations in post-industrial societies in a broader fashion than has previously been the case and to look at the interactions and contradictions that exist therein and with regard to the change in governance. A main emphasis in this regard is also on developing quantitative and qualitative methods of empirical social research which are suitable for analysing the change in institutional constellations.
Institutional constellations on the societal macro level will be examined, which comprise the following Research Areas (RA):
- Research Area 1: Change in Institutional Constellations that Govern Market and Economy
(Coordination: Dr. Konstanze Senge (kom.))
- Research Area 2: Change in Institutional Constellations that Govern the Welfare State
(Coordination: Prof. Dr. Birgit Pfau-Effinger und Dr. Patricia Frericks)
- Research Area 3: Change in Institutional Constellations that Govern Climate Protection
(Coordination: Prof. Dr. Anita Engels)
- Research Area 4: Global Governance, Constitutionalism and World Society
(Coordination: Prof. Antje Wiener, PhD AcSS)
- Research Area 5: Change in Institutional Constellations that Frame the Work-Family Relationship
(Coordination: Prof. Dr. Birgit Pfau-Effinger)
- Research Area 6: Network Dynamics and Networked Governance
(Coordination: Prof. Dr. Betina Hollstein)
In detail, a main focus will be placed on questions relating to the conditions for the change or stability of institutional constellations, to the course of change and the role of the change in governance for the process as well as its consequences for social structures, social cohesion and the living conditions of people. These questions will be addressed from an international comparative perspective.
The participating academics cover disciplines that are of essential relevance for the analysis of change in institutional constellations, namely sociology, political sciences, economics, and meteorology (with regard to Research Area 3).